Le frazioni, ove indicato dopo il nome dello scienziato, segnalano la percentuale di suddivisione del premio; 1/2 (metà premio), 1/3 o 1/4 rispettivamente. Ove non indicato, i premi sono stati suddivisi equamente.
I Premi Nobel su You Tube.
2016 Yoshinori Ohsumi "for his discoveries of mechanisms for autophagy"
2015 William C. Campbell (1/4) e Satoshi Omura (1/4) "for their discoveries concerning a novel therapy against infections caused by roundworm parasites" e Youyou Tu (1/2) "for her discoveries concerning a novel therapy against Malaria"
2014 John O'Keefe, May-Britt Moser e Edvard I. Moser "for their discoveries of cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain"
2013 James E. Rothman, Randy W. Schekman e Thomas C. Südhof "for their discoveries of machinery regulating vesicle traffic, a major transport system in our cells"
2012 John B. Gurdon e Shinya Yamanaka "for the discovery that mature cells can be reprogrammed to become pluripotent"
2011 Bruce A. Beutler (1/4) e Jules A. Hoffmann (1/4) "for their discoveries concerning the activation of innate immunity" e Ralph M. Steinman (1/2) "for his discovery of the dendritic cell and its role in adaptive immunity"
2010 Robert G. Edwards "for the development of in vitro fertilization"
2009 Elizabeth H. Blackburn, Carol W. Greider e Jack W. Szostak "for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase"
2008 Harald zur Hausen (1/2) "for his discovery of human papilloma viruses causing cervical cancer" e Françoise Barré-Sinoussi (1/4) e Luc Montagnier (1/4) "for their discovery of human immunodeficiency virus"
2007 Mario R. Capecchi (ITA-USA), Sir Martin J. Evans e Oliver Smithies "for their discoveries of principles for introducing specific gene modifications in mice by the use of embryonic stem cells"
2006 Andrew Z. Fire, Craig C. Mello "for their discovery of RNA interference - gene silencing by double-stranded RNA"
2005 Barry J. Marshall, J. Robin Warren "for their discovery of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori and its role in gastritis and peptic ulcer disease"
2004 Richard Axel, Linda B. Buck "for their discoveries of odorant receptors and the organization of the olfactory system"
2003 Paul C. Lauterbur, Sir Peter Mansfield "for their discoveries concerning magnetic resonance imaging"
2002 Sydney Brenner, H. Robert Horvitz, John E. Sulston "for their discoveries concerning genetic regulation of organ development and programmed cell death"
2001 Leland H. Hartwell, Tim Hunt, Sir Paul Nurse "for their discoveries of key regulators of the cell cycle"
2000 Arvid Carlsson, Paul Greengard, Eric R. Kandel
1999 Günter Blobel
1998 Robert F. Furchgott, Louis J. Ignarro, Ferid Murad
1997 Stanley B. Prusiner
1996 Peter C. Doherty, Rolf M. Zinkernagel
1995 Edward B. Lewis, Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard, Eric F. Wieschaus
1994 Alfred G. Gilman, Martin Rodbell
1993 Richard J. Roberts, Phillip A. Sharp
1992 Edmond H. Fischer, Edwin G. Krebs
1991 Erwin Neher, Bert Sakmann
1990 Joseph E. Murray, E. Donnall Thomas
1989 J. Michael Bishop, Harold E. Varmus
1988 Sir James W. Black, Gertrude B. Elion, George H. Hitchings
1987 Susumu Tonegawa
1986 Stanley Cohen, Rita Levi-Montalcini (ITA)
1985 Michael S. Brown, Joseph L. Goldstein
1984 Niels K. Jerne, Georges J.F. Köhler, César Milstein
1983 Barbara McClintock
1982 Sune K. Bergström, Bengt I. Samuelsson, John R. Vane
1981 Roger W. Sperry, David H. Hubel, Torsten N. Wiesel
1980 Baruj Benacerraf, Jean Dausset, George D. Snell
1979 Allan M. Cormack, Godfrey N. Hounsfield
1978 Werner Arber, Daniel Nathans, Hamilton O. Smith
1977 Roger Guillemin, Andrew V. Schally, Rosalyn Yalow
1976 Baruch S. Blumberg, D. Carleton Gajdusek
1975 David Baltimore, Renato Dulbecco (ITA), Howard M. Temin
1974 Albert Claude, Christian de Duve, George E. Palade
1973 Karl von Frisch, Konrad Lorenz, Nikolaas Tinbergen
1972 Gerald M. Edelman, Rodney R. Porter
1971 Earl W. Sutherland, Jr.
1970 Sir Bernard Katz, Ulf von Euler, Julius Axelrod
1969 Max Delbrück, Alfred D. Hershey, Salvador E. Luria (ITA)
1968 Robert W. Holley, H. Gobind Khorana, Marshall W. Nirenberg
1967 Ragnar Granit, Haldan K. Hartline, George Wald
1966 Peyton Rous, Charles B. Huggins
1965 François Jacob, André Lwoff, Jacques Monod
1964 Konrad Bloch, Feodor Lynen
1963 Sir John Eccles, Alan L. Hodgkin, Andrew F. Huxley
1962 Francis Crick, James Watson, Maurice Wilkins
1961 Georg von Békésy
1960 Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Peter Medawar
1959 Severo Ochoa, Arthur Kornberg
1958 George Beadle, Edward Tatum, Joshua Lederberg
1957 Daniel Bovet (CH-ITA)
1956 André F. Cournand, Werner Forssmann, Dickinson W. Richards
1955 Hugo Theorell
1954 John F. Enders, Thomas H. Weller, Frederick C. Robbins
1953 Hans Krebs, Fritz Lipmann
1952 Selman A. Waksman
1951 Max Theiler
1950 Edward C. Kendall, Tadeus Reichstein, Philip S. Hench
1949 Walter Hess, Egas Moniz
1948 Paul Müller
1947 Carl Cori, Gerty Cori, Bernardo Houssay
1946 Hermann J. Muller
1945 Sir Alexander Fleming, Ernst B. Chain, Sir Howard Florey
1944 Joseph Erlanger, Herbert S. Gasser
1943 Henrik Dam, Edward A. Doisy
1942 The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section
1941 The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section
1940 The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section
1939 Gerhard Domagk
1938 Corneille Heymans
1937 Albert Szent-Györgyi
1936 Sir Henry Dale, Otto Loewi
1935 Hans Spemann
1934 George H. Whipple, George R. Minot, William P. Murphy
1933 Thomas H. Morgan
1932 Sir Charles Sherrington, Edgar Adrian
1931 Otto Warburg
1930 Karl Landsteiner
1929 Christiaan Eijkman, Sir Frederick Hopkins
1928 Charles Nicolle
1927 Julius Wagner-Jauregg
1926 Johannes Fibiger
1925 The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section
1924 Willem Einthoven
1923 Frederick G. Banting, John Macleod
1922 Archibald V. Hill, Otto Meyerhof
1921 The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section
1920 August Krogh
1919 Jules Bordet
1918 The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section
1917 The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section
1916 The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section
1915 The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section
1914 Robert Bárány
1913 Charles Richet
1912 Alexis Carrel
1911 Allvar Gullstrand
1910 Albrecht Kossel
1909 Theodor Kocher
1908 Ilya Mechnikov, Paul Ehrlich
1907 Alphonse Laveran
1906 Camillo Golgi (ITA), Santiago Ramón y Cajal
1905 Robert Koch
1904 Ivan Pavlov
1903 Niels Ryberg Finsen
1902 Ronald Ross
1901 Emil von Behring
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